Board exams will undergo a significant change as the Ministry of Education (MoE) introduces new curriculum guidelines. According to these guidelines, students can expect two board exams per year, a departure from the traditional term-wise exams. These new exams, set to be implemented by the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE), will be separate events, and students will have the opportunity to retain their best scores.
The CBSE will soon provide detailed instructions in alignment with the government's directive, while state boards will make their decisions based on the state government's discretion.
This curriculum framework aligns with the National Education Policy (NEP) of 2020, focusing on assessing students' comprehension and competency achievement.
Furthermore, the framework offers students greater flexibility in choosing their streams during classes 11th and 12th. The Ministry of Education has mandated that students must study at least two languages, with one being an Indian language, during these two years. Textbooks will be developed to reflect these changes in 2024.
To optimize the cost of textbooks, there will be a shift away from the current practice of "covering" textbooks within the classroom. Additionally, school boards will need to develop the capacity to offer "on-demand" exams in due course. Those involved in developing and evaluating board exams will be required to complete university-certified courses before taking up this work.
During a Joint Workshop of the National Curriculum Framework Oversight and NSTC Committee, Union Education Minister Dharmendra Pradhan emphasized the collaboration with Kasturirangan and the steering committee to shape the curriculum according to the 21st century's demands and rooted in original Indian perspectives.